CaltechTHESIS
  A Caltech Library Service

Phase-shifting full-field interferometric methods for in-plane tensorial stress determination for fracture studies

Citation

Kramer, Sharlotte Lorraine Bolyard (2009) Phase-shifting full-field interferometric methods for in-plane tensorial stress determination for fracture studies. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05272009-094456

Abstract

Anisotropic fracture criteria can be established with understanding of full-field stresses near a crack. The anisotropy of the stresses implies that the full in-plane tensorial stress is required, but current experimental optical techniques only give the sum or difference of principal stresses, motivating development of experimental methods that combines two experimental techniques to determine all of the stress components, such as the proposed hybrid experimental method of phase-shifting photoelasticity and transmission Coherent Gradient Sensing (CGS). This thesis establishes this method for stress determination around cracks in photoelastic materials. This experimental method first requires a new theory for the use of CGS, a wavefront shearing interferometry technique, for photoelastic materials. The first analysis of transmission wavefront shearing interferometry for photoelastic materials is experimentally demonstrated using CGS in full field for a compressed polycarbonate plate with a side V-shaped notch with good agreement with theoretical data. For the hybrid experimental method, a six-step phase-shifting photoelasticity method determines principal stress directions and the difference of principal stresses, and the transmission CGS method utilizes a standard four-step phase-shifting method to measure the x and y first derivatives of the sum of principal stresses, which are numerically integrated for the sum of principal stresses. The full-field principal stresses may then be separated, followed by the Cartesian and polar coordinate stresses using the principal stress directions and the polar angle. The method is first demonstrated for in-plane tensorial stress determination for a compressed polycarbonate plate with a side V-shaped notch with good comparison to theoretical stress fields. The CGS-photoelasticity experimental method is then applied to determine stresses around Mode I-dominant cracks in Homalite-100. The experimental stress fields have excellent agreement with the full-field 2D asymptotic crack solution using the Mode I and Mode II stress intensity factor values calculated from the experimental data. With this foundation of stress determination around cracks in photoelastic materials and with some future analysis, this experimental method can be extended to determine stresses in anisotropic crystals for fracture studies.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:coherent gradient sensing; fracture; interferometry; photoelasticity; stress analysis; wavefront shearing
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Awards:Donald Coles Prize in Aeronautics, 2009. Hans G. Hornung Prize, 2009.
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (advisor)
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (chair)
  • Daraio, Chiara
  • Lapusta, Nadia
  • Pellegrino, Sergio
Defense Date:15 April 2009
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05272009-094456
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05272009-094456
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2176
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 May 2009
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:47

Thesis Files

[img] PDF (00A_Entire_Thesis_Hyperlinks.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

130Mb
[img] PDF (01A_intro_chap1.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

312Kb
[img] PDF (02A_chap2.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

10Mb
[img] PDF (03A_chap3partA.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2288Kb
[img] PDF (03B_chap3partB.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

12Mb
[img] PDF (03C_chap3partC.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

8Mb
[img] PDF (03D_chap3partD.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2661Kb
[img] PDF (04A_chap4partA.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

3609Kb
[img] PDF (04B_chap4partB.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

17Mb
[img] PDF (04C_chap4partC.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

12Mb
[img] PDF (04D_chap4partD.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2190Kb
[img] PDF (04E_chap4partE.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

4Mb
[img] PDF (04F_chap4partF.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

4Mb
[img] PDF (04G_chap4partG.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2633Kb
[img] PDF (04H_chap4partH.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

9Mb
[img] PDF (04I_chap4partI.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2316Kb
[img] PDF (04J_chap4partJ.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

9Mb
[img] PDF (04K_chap4partK.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2331Kb
[img] PDF (04L_chap4partL.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

11Mb
[img] PDF (05A_chap5.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

15Mb
[img] PDF (06A_chap6_appendices.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

664Kb

Repository Staff Only: item control page