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Experimental study on inertial effects in liquid-solid flows

Citation

Linares-Guerrero, Esperanza Crystal (2015) Experimental study on inertial effects in liquid-solid flows. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z9GT5K4J. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06042015-153430245

Abstract

This thesis presents experimental measurements of the rheological behavior of liquid-solid mixtures at moderate Reynolds (defined by the shear rate and particle diameter) and Stokes numbers, ranging from 3 ≤ Re ≤ 1.6 × 103 and 0.4 ≤ St ≤ 195. The experiments use a specifically designed Couette cylindrical rheometer that allows for probing the transition from transporting a pure liquid to transporting a dense suspension of particles. Measurements of the shear stress are presented for a wide range of particle concentration (10 to 60% in volume) and for particle to fluid density ratio between 1 and 1.05. The effective relative viscosity exhibits a strong dependence on the solid fraction for all density ratios tested. For density ratio of 1 the effective viscosity increases with Stokes number (St) for volume fractions (φ) lower than 40% and becomes constant for higher φ. When the particles are denser than the liquid, the effective viscosity shows a stronger dependance on St. An analysis of the particle resuspension for the case with a density ratio of 1.05 is presented and used to predict the local volume fraction where the shear stress measurements take place. When the local volume fraction is considered, the effective viscosity for settling and no settling particles is consistent, indicating that the effective viscosity is independent of differences in density between the solid and liquid phase. Shear stress measurements of pure fluids (no particles) were performed using the same rheometer, and a deviation from laminar behavior is observed for gap Reynolds numbers above 4× 103, indicating the presence of hydrodynamic instabilities associated with the rotation of the outer cylinder. The increase on the effective viscosity with Stokes numbers observed for mixtures with φ ≤ 30% appears to be affected by such hydrodynamic instabilities. The effective viscosity for the current experiments is considerably higher than the one reported in non-inertial suspensions.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:liquid-solid, inertial effects, large particles, effective viscosity measurements, suspension rheology.
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Hunt, Melany L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Brady, John F. (chair)
  • Brennen, Christopher E.
  • Lamb, Michael P.
  • Zenit Camacho, Jose Roberto
  • Hunt, Melany L. (chair)
Defense Date:6 May 2015
Non-Caltech Author Email:esperanza.linares (AT) gmail.com
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:06042015-153430245
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06042015-153430245
DOI:10.7907/Z9GT5K4J
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8989
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Esperanza Linares Guerrero
Deposited On:05 Jun 2015 18:48
Last Modified:12 Apr 2016 17:28

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