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An ab initio approach to the inverse problem-based design of photonic bandgap devices

Citation

Au, John K (2007) An ab initio approach to the inverse problem-based design of photonic bandgap devices. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05242007-160527

Abstract

We present an ab inito treatment of the inverse photonic bandgap (or photonic crystal) device design problem. Using first principles, we derive the two-dimensional inverse Helmholtz equation that solves for the dielectric function that supports a given electromagnetic field with the desired properties. We show that the problem is ill-posed, meaning a solution often does not exist for the design problem. Our work elucidates fundamental limits to any inverse problem based design approach for arbitrary and optimal design of photonic devices. Despite these severe limitations, we achieve remarkable success in two design problems of particular importance to atomic physics applications, but also of general importance to the rest of the photonic community. As the first demonstration of our technique, we arbitrarily design the full dispersion curve of a photonic crystal waveguide. Dispersion control is important for maintaining the shape of pulses as they propagate along the waveguide. For our second demonstration, we take a point defect photonic crystal cavity in the nominal acceptor configuration (where the central defect has a lower index of refraction than the bulk material) and force it into the donor configuration (where the defect has a higher index of refraction than the bulk material), while requiring that the electromagnetic field maintain the properties of the acceptor mode. We were able to cross over this threshold while retaining a 93.6 percent overlap with the original mode.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:convex optimization; fourier analysis; inverse problem; nanophotonics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Mixed availability, specified at file level
Research Advisor(s):
  • Mabuchi, Hideo
Thesis Committee:
  • Mabuchi, Hideo (chair)
  • Scherer, Axel
  • Daraio, Chiara
  • Painter, Oskar J.
Defense Date:22 March 2007
Author Email:john.kt.au (AT) gmail.com
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05242007-160527
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05242007-160527
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2026
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:30 May 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:45

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