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A Measurement of the ft-Value of the Beta Decay of 0¹⁴


Bardin, Russell Keith (1961) A Measurement of the ft-Value of the Beta Decay of 0¹⁴. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/F97G-BY61.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document.

The Kellogg Radiation Laboratory 3.2-Mv electrostatic generator, 90° electrostatic analyzer, and 180° double-focusing magnetic spectrometer have been used to measure the Q-values of the reactions [...], [...] and [...], relative to the [...] threshold energy at 1880.7 ± 0.4 kev (24). These measurements imply an end point energy for the beta transition [...] of [...]. The half-life of O14 has also been measured as t = 71.00 ± 0.13 sec, which implies a partial half-life for the excited state transition of [...] sec. Averaged with the recent half-life measurement of Hendrie and Gerhart (37), the above data lead to an ft-value for the beta transition of ft = 3075 ± 10 sec, corrected for nuclear form factors, electron screening, and competition from K-electron capture (6). With the radiative corrections of Kinoshita and Sirlin (5), the value of the Fermi coupling constant for nuclear beta decay is then calculated from these data as [...], where the error is experimental only. The corresponding value calculated for muon decay is [...], differing by (1.8 ± 0.2)%. While some reservations are still necessary concerning the interpretation of the experimental results, it is felt that the origin of the discrepancy is probably theoretical in nature.

Descriptions are given of the equipment modifications required to achieve the accuracy demanded by the experiment, and an appendix gives a detailed discussion of the theory of nuclear reaction yields from thick targets as observed by particle spectrometers with finite resolution in energy and angle.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Physics and Mathematics) ; Weak interaction; Universal Fermi interaction; Beta decay; Oxygen-14
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Minor Option:Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Barnes, Charles A. (advisor)
  • Fowler, William A. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1961
Non-Caltech Author Email:r.k.bardin (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-03172006-091128
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:979
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:17 Mar 2006
Last Modified:10 Nov 2023 22:53

Thesis Files

PDF (Bardin_kr_1961.pdf) - Final Version
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