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Part I: Latent heat of vaporization of n-decane. Part II: Heat and mass transfer from a cylinder placed in a turbulent air stream - Sherwood and Frössling numbers as a function of free stream turbulence level and Reynolds number

Citation

Couch, Harold Thompson (1966) Part I: Latent heat of vaporization of n-decane. Part II: Heat and mass transfer from a cylinder placed in a turbulent air stream - Sherwood and Frössling numbers as a function of free stream turbulence level and Reynolds number. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/RHDM-SZ46. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:09142015-094917910

Abstract

Part I

The latent heat of vaporization of n-decane is measured calorimetrically at temperatures between 160° and 340°F. The internal energy change upon vaporization, and the specific volume of the vapor at its dew point are calculated from these data and are included in this work. The measurements are in excellent agreement with available data at 77° and also at 345°F, and are presented in graphical and tabular form.

Part II

Simultaneous material and energy transport from a one-inch adiabatic porous cylinder is studied as a function of free stream Reynolds Number and turbulence level. Experimental data is presented for Reynolds Numbers between 1600 and 15,000 based on the cylinder diameter, and for apparent turbulence levels between 1.3 and 25.0 per cent. n-heptane and n-octane are the evaporating fluids used in this investigation.

Gross Sherwood Numbers are calculated from the data and are in substantial agreement with existing correlations of the results of other workers. The Sherwood Numbers, characterizing mass transfer rates, increase approximately as the 0.55 power of the Reynolds Number. At a free stream Reynolds Number of 3700 the Sherwood Number showed a 40% increase as the apparent turbulence level of the free stream was raised from 1.3 to 25 per cent.

Within the uncertainties involved in the diffusion coefficients used for n-heptane and n-octane, the Sherwood Numbers are comparable for both materials. A dimensionless Frössling Number is computed which characterizes either heat or mass transfer rates for cylinders on a comparable basis. The calculated Frössling Numbers based on mass transfer measurements are in substantial agreement with Frössling Numbers calculated from the data of other workers in heat transfer.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Sage, Bruce H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:19 April 1966
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Standard Oil CompanyUNSPECIFIED
Peter E. Flour FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:09142015-094917910
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:09142015-094917910
DOI:10.7907/RHDM-SZ46
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:9151
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Bianca Rios
Deposited On:14 Sep 2015 17:49
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 02:06

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