Citation
Zufiria, Juan Antonio (1987) Symmetry Breaking of Water Waves : on the Superharmonic Instability of Surface Water Waves. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd03052008090255
Abstract
PART I:
A weakly nonlinear Hamiltonian model for two dimensional irrotational waves on water of finite depth is developed. The truncated model is used to study families of periodic travelling waves of permanent form. It is shown that nonsymmetric periodic waves exist, which appear via spontaneous symmetry breaking bifurcations from symmetric waves.
In order to check these results with the full water wave equations, two different methods are used to calculate nonsymmetric gravity waves on deep water. It is found that they exist and the structure of the bifurcation tree is the same as the one found for waves on water of finite depth using the weakly nonlinear Hamiltonian model. One of the methods is based on the quadratic relations between the Stokes coefficients discovered by LonguetHiggins (1978a). The other method is a new one based on the Hamiltonian structure of the water wave problem.
Another weakly nonlinear model is developed from the Hamiltonian formulation of water waves to study the bifurcation structure of gravitycapillary waves on water of finite depth. It is found that, besides a very rich structure of symmetric solutions, nonsymmetric Wilton ripples exist. They appear via spontaneous symmetry breaking bifurcation from symmetric solutions. The bifurcation tree is similar to that for gravity waves. The solitary wave with surface tension is studied with the same model close to a critical depth. It is found that the solution is not unique, and further nonsymmetric solitary waves are possible. The bifurcation tree has the same structure as for the case of periodic waves. The possibility of checking these results in low gravity experiments is discussed.
PART II:
Saffman's (1985) theory of the superharmonic stability of twodimensional irrotational waves on fluid of infinite depth has been generalized to solitary and periodic waves of permanent form on fluid of finite uniform depth. The frame of reference for the calculation of the Hamiltonian for periodic waves of finite depth is found to be the frame in which the mean horizontal velocity is zero.
Also, a simple analytical model has been constructed to demonstrate Saffman's (1985) theory. The model shows the change of geometrical and algebraic multiplicity of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the stability equation at the critical height. It confirms the existence of Hamiltonian systems with limit points at which there is no change of stability.
Item Type:  Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) 

Subject Keywords:  Superharmonic Instability, Water Waves, Hamiltonian, Symmetry Breaking 
Degree Grantor:  California Institute of Technology 
Division:  Engineering and Applied Science 
Major Option:  Applied And Computational Mathematics 
Thesis Availability:  Public (worldwide access) 
Research Advisor(s): 

Thesis Committee: 

Defense Date:  16 April 1987 
NonCaltech Author Email:  jzufiria (AT) yahoo.com 
Record Number:  CaltechETD:etd03052008090255 
Persistent URL:  http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd03052008090255 
Default Usage Policy:  No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 
ID Code:  880 
Collection:  CaltechTHESIS 
Deposited By:  Imported from ETDdb 
Deposited On:  14 Mar 2008 
Last Modified:  30 Aug 2018 15:14 
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