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Effect of pressure on mechanical behavior of filled elastomers


Yagii, Keikichi (1972) Effect of pressure on mechanical behavior of filled elastomers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/1vr2-7x25.


The Young's modulus, stress-strain curves, and failure properties of glass bead-filled EPDM vulcanizates were studied under superposed hydrostatic pressure. The glass bead-filled EPDM was employed as a representation of composite systems, and the hydrostatic pressure controls the filler-elastomer separation under deformation. This separation shows up as a volume change of the system, and its infuence is reflected in the mechanical behavior as a reinforcing effect of variable degree.

The strain energy stored in the composite system in simple tension was calculated by introducing a model which is described as a cylindrical block of elastomer with two half spheres of filler on each end with their centers on the axis of the cylinder. In the derivation of the strain energy, assumptions were made to obtain the strain distribution in the model, and strain energy-strain relation for the elastomer was also assumed. The derivation was carried out for the case of no filler-elastomer separation and was modified to include the case of filler-elastomer separation.

The resulting strain energy, as a function of stretch ratio and volume of the system, was used to obtain stress-strain curves and volume change-strain curves of composite systems under superposed hydrostatic pressure.

Changes in the force and the lateral dimension of a ring specimen were measured as it was stretched axially under a superposed hydrostatic pressure in order to calculate the mechanical properties mentioned above. A tensile tester was used which is capable of sealing the whole system to carry out a measurement under pressure. A thickness measuring device, based on the Hall effect, was built for the measurement of changes in the lateral dimension of a specimen.

The theoretical and experimental results of Young's modulus and stress-strain curves were compared and showed fairly good agreement.

The failure data were discussed in terms of failure surfaces, and it was concluded that a failure surface of the glass-bead-filled EPDM consists of two cones.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Materials Science, mechanical behavior, elastomers
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Materials Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Tschoegl, Nicholas W.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:12 October 1971
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:07232014-093132642
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8593
Deposited By: Dan Anguka
Deposited On:23 Jul 2014 16:53
Last Modified:09 Nov 2022 19:20

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