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Propagation of the fast magnetosonic wave in a tokamak plasma


Hwang, David Li-Shui Quek (1979) Propagation of the fast magnetosonic wave in a tokamak plasma. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/f15y-jy67.


The propagation of the fast magnetosonic wave in a tokamak plasma has been investigated at low power, between 10 and 300 watts, as a prelude to future heating experiments.

The attention of the experiments has been focused on the understanding of the coupling between a loop antenna and a plasma-filled cavity. Special emphasis has been given to the measurement of the complex loading impedance of the plasma. The importance of this measurement is that once the complex loading impedance of the plasma is known, a matching network can be designed so that the r.f. generator impedance can be matched to one of the cavity modes, thus delivering maximum power to the plasma. For future heating experiments it will be essential to be able to match the generator impedance to a cavity mode in order to couple the r.f. energy efficiently to the plasma.

As a consequence of the complex impedance measurements, it was discovered that the designs of the transmitting antenna and the impedance matching network are both crucial. The losses in the antenna and the matching network must be kept below the plasma loading in order to be able to detect the complex plasma loading impedance. This is even more important in future heating experiments, because the fundamental basis for efficient heating before any other consideration is to deliver more energy into the plasma than is dissipated in the antenna system.

The characteristics of the magnetosonic cavity modes are confirmed by three different methods. First, the cavity modes are observed as voltage maxima at the output of a six-turn receiving probe. Second, they also appear as maxima in the input resistance of the transmitting antenna. Finally, when the real and imaginary parts of the measured complex input impedance of the antenna are plotted in the complex impedance plane, the resulting curves are approximately circles, indicating a resonance phenomenon.

The observed plasma loading resistances at the various cavity modes are as high as 3 to 4 times the basic antenna resistance (~ .4 Ω). The estimated cavity Q’s were between 400 and 700. This means that efficient energy coupling into the tokamak and low losses in the antenna system are possible.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Applied Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Gould, Roy Walter
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:15 June 1978
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:07182014-104710068
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8562
Deposited By: Bianca Rios
Deposited On:18 Jul 2014 18:23
Last Modified:09 Nov 2022 19:20

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