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Branes and Supersymmetric Quantum Field Theories

Citation

Park, Chan Youn (2014) Branes and Supersymmetric Quantum Field Theories. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Y1VH-E821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:01242014-104001899

Abstract

Since the discovery of D-branes as non-perturbative, dynamic objects in string theory, various configurations of branes in type IIA/B string theory and M-theory have been considered to study their low-energy dynamics described by supersymmetric quantum field theories.

One example of such a construction is based on the description of Seiberg-Witten curves of four-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories as branes in type IIA string theory and M-theory. This enables us to study the gauge theories in strongly-coupled regimes. Spectral networks are another tool for utilizing branes to study non-perturbative regimes of two- and four-dimensional supersymmetric theories. Using spectral networks of a Seiberg-Witten theory we can find its BPS spectrum, which is protected from quantum corrections by supersymmetry, and also the BPS spectrum of a related two-dimensional N = (2,2) theory whose (twisted) superpotential is determined by the Seiberg-Witten curve. When we don’t know the perturbative description of such a theory, its spectrum obtained via spectral networks is a useful piece of information. In this thesis we illustrate these ideas with examples of the use of Seiberg-Witten curves and spectral networks to understand various two- and four-dimensional supersymmetric theories.

First, we examine how the geometry of a Seiberg-Witten curve serves as a useful tool for identifying various limits of the parameters of the Seiberg-Witten theory, including Argyres-Seiberg duality and Argyres-Douglas fixed points. Next, we consider the low-energy limit of a two-dimensional N = (2, 2) supersymmetric theory from an M-theory brane configuration whose (twisted) superpotential is determined by the geometry of the branes. We show that, when the two-dimensional theory flows to its infra-red fixed point, particular cases realize Kazama-Suzuki coset models. We also study the BPS spectrum of an Argyres-Douglas type superconformal field theory on the Coulomb branch by using its spectral networks. We provide strong evidence of the equivalence of superconformal field theories from different string-theoretic constructions by comparing their BPS spectra.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:string theory, M-theory, brane, Seiberg-Witten theory, spectral network
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Schwarz, John H.
Group:Caltech Theory
Thesis Committee:
  • Schwarz, John H. (chair)
  • Gukov, Sergei
  • Kapustin, Anton N.
  • Porter, Frank C.
Defense Date:19 November 2013
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:01242014-104001899
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:01242014-104001899
DOI:10.7907/Y1VH-E821
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8059
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Chan Youn Park
Deposited On:26 Feb 2014 18:51
Last Modified:11 Apr 2019 17:47

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