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Response of Multiple Simultaneously Recorded Macaque Area LIP Neurons in a Memory Saccade Task

Citation

Pezaris, John Stylianos (2000) Response of Multiple Simultaneously Recorded Macaque Area LIP Neurons in a Memory Saccade Task. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/x9jm-8y88. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04102013-085014457

Abstract

Cells in the lateral intraparietal cortex (LIP) of rhesus macaques respond vigorously and in spatially-tuned fashion to briefly memorized visual stimuli. Responses to stimulus presentation, memory maintenance, and task completion are seen, in varying combination from neuron to neuron. To help elucidate this functional segmentation a new system for simultaneous recording from multiple neighboring neurons was developed. The two parts of this dissertation discuss the technical achievements and scientific discoveries, respectively.

Technology. Simultanous recordings from multiple neighboring neurons were made with four-wire bundle electrodes, or tetrodes, which were adapted to the awake behaving primate preparation. Signals from these electrodes were partitionable into a background process with a 1/f-like spectrum and foreground spiking activity spanning 300-6000 Hz. Continuous voltage recordings were sorted into spike trains using a state-of-the-art clustering algorithm, producing a mean of 3 cells per site. The algorithm classified 96% of spikes correctly when tetrode recordings were confirmed with simultaneous intracellular signals. Recording locations were verified with a new technique that creates electrolytic lesions visible in magnetic resonance imaging, eliminating the need for histological processing. In anticipation of future multi-tetrode work, the chronic chamber microdrive, a device for long-term tetrode delivery, was developed.

Science. Simultaneously recorded neighboring LIP neurons were found to have similar preferred targets in the memory saccade paradigm, but dissimilar peristimulus time histograms, PSTH). A majority of neighboring cell pairs had a difference in preferred directions of under 45° while the trial time of maximal response showed a broader distribution, suggesting homogeneity of tuning with heterogeneity of function. A continuum of response characteristics was present, rather than a set of specific response types; however, a mapping experiment suggests this may be because a given cell's PSTH changes shape as well as amplitude through the response field. Spike train autocovariance was tuned over target and changed through trial epoch, suggesting different mechanisms during memory versus background periods. Mean frequency-domain spike-to-spike coherence was concentrated below 50 Hz with a significant maximum of 0.08; mean time-domain coherence had a narrow peak in the range ±10 ms with a significant maximum of 0.03. Time-domain coherence was found to be untuned for short lags (10 ms), but significantly tuned at larger lags (50 ms).

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Computation and Neural Systems
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Biology
Major Option:Computation and Neural Systems
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Andersen, Richard A.
Thesis Committee:
  • Andersen, Richard A. (chair)
  • Laurent, Gilles J.
  • Koch, Christof
  • Schuman, Erin Margaret
  • Perona, Pietro
Defense Date:18 May 2000
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:04102013-085014457
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04102013-085014457
DOI:10.7907/x9jm-8y88
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7601
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:10 Apr 2013 17:07
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:11

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