Citation
Shih, Tanchu (1991) Bounds of fixed point ratios of permutation representations of GL_n(q) and groups of genus zero. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/a3e6tj54. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04112011134618813
Abstract
If G is a transitive subgroup of the symmetric group Sym (Ω), where Ω is a finite set of order m; and G satisfies the following conditions: G=<S>, S={g_1,…,g_r] ⊆ G^#, g_1…g_r=1, and r∑i=1 c(g_i)=(r2)m+2, where c(g_i) is the number of cycles of g_1 on Ω, then G is called a group of genus zero. These conditions correspond to the existence of an msheeted branched covering of the Riemann surface of genus zero with r branch points. The fixed point ratio of an element g in G is defined as f(g)/Ω, where f(g) is the number of fixed points of g on Ω. In this thesis we assume that G satisfies L_n(q) ≤G≤PGL_n(q) and G is represented primitively on Ω. The primitive permutation representations of G are determined by the maximal subgroups of G. The bounds are expressed as rational functions which depend on n, q, the rational canonical forms of the elements, and the maximal subgroups. Then those bounds are used to prove the following: Theorem: If G is a group of genus zero, then one of the following holds: (a) q=2 and n≤32, (b) q=3 and n≤12, (c) q=4 and n≤11, (d) 5≤q≤13 and n≤8, (e) 16≤q≤83 and n≤4, (f) 89≤q≤343 and n=2. Thus for those G satisfying L_n(q) ≤G≤PGLn(q), this theorem confirms the J. Thompson’s conjecture which states that except for Z_p, A_k with k≥5, there are only finitely many finite simple groups which are composition factors of groups of genus zero.
Item Type:  Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) 

Subject Keywords:  Mathematics 
Degree Grantor:  California Institute of Technology 
Division:  Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy 
Major Option:  Mathematics 
Thesis Availability:  Public (worldwide access) 
Research Advisor(s): 

Thesis Committee: 

Defense Date:  4 October 1990 
Record Number:  CaltechTHESIS:04112011134618813 
Persistent URL:  https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:04112011134618813 
DOI:  10.7907/a3e6tj54 
Default Usage Policy:  No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 
ID Code:  6296 
Collection:  CaltechTHESIS 
Deposited By:  Tony Diaz 
Deposited On:  12 Apr 2011 23:07 
Last Modified:  16 Apr 2021 23:27 
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