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Buckling of imperfect circular cylindrical shells


Bhatia, Prem (1973) Buckling of imperfect circular cylindrical shells. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/FS7M-8D46.


In this project, the buckling of imperfect circular cylindrical shells under uniform axial compression has been investigated. The imperfection considered is prismatic and is in the form of flat spots along the complete length of the shell. The problem is solved by considering it as an interaction problem between curved and flat panels. Shell equations are satisfied in the curved portions of the shell while flat plate equations are used in the flat spot regions. At the common edge between two adjacent panels, forces and displacements are matched to arrive at the eigenvalue problem for the critical load of the shell. Two flat spot configurations have been studied. In the first case, a single flat spot along the complete length of the shell is considered. Curved and flat panels join to form sharp corners at their common edges. Numerical results are presented to show the effect of the width of the flat spot, thickness ratio and length to radius ratio of the shell, on the buckling load of the shell. In the second case, the imperfection is in the form of two or more identical flat spots distributed uniformly along the circumference of the shell. Between two consecutive flat spots is a uniform radius cylindrical panel joining smoothly to the flat panels. This analysis is valid for any integral number of identical flat spots. Numerical results are presented for 2, 3, 4, 8-flat spots. The effect of width of flat spots, radius of curved panels, thickness ratio of the shell has been investigated. The results, presented in this paper, clearly demonstrate a very significant reduction in the buckling load of the shell below its classical value. This is true even in the presence of relatively small flat spots. This reduction becomes more severe with a decrease in the thickness of the shell or an increase in the width of the flat spot.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Babcock, Charles D. (advisor)
  • Sechler, Ernest Edwin (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:17 October 1972
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:08302010-162439924
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6016
Deposited On:31 Aug 2010 15:19
Last Modified:20 Dec 2019 19:51

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