A Caltech Library Service

Geology of the Pre-Cretaceous Rocks in a Portion of the Santa Ana Mountains


Moore, Return Francis (1948) Geology of the Pre-Cretaceous Rocks in a Portion of the Santa Ana Mountains. Master's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/VXTN-GP18.


The Santa Ana Mountains, a northern extension of the Penninsular Range, lie between the Elsinore Trough on the East and the coastal plain on the West. The area concerned in this investigation is in a northern part of the range in Orange County, California. Both igneous and metasedimentary rocks are present. Metasediments include the Santa Ana formation, which has been subdivided into two members, and the Hough formation. The oldest rocks have been dated as Triassic. Unconformably overlying the Santa Ana is the Hough formation which is believed to be Jurassic in age. Igneous rocks of pre-Upper Cretaceous age are intruded into the meta-sediments and are largely responsible for their metamorphism. Overlapping the metasediments from the west are Cretaceous rocks, the basal unit of which is the Trabuco formation. Structurally the Santa Ana Mountains resemble the Sierra Nevada, but on a smaller scale. They are essentially a tilted fault block. The older sediments were contorted into broad open folds late in Triassic time, but subsequent to this there has been little folding of consequence. Uplift of the east face of the mountains along the Elsinore fault occurred early in the Tertiary and has continued spasmodically up to the present. Later in the Tertiary there was normal faulting within the area which displaced Cretaceous and Triassic rocks.

Item Type:Thesis (Master's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Santa Ana Mountains, Santiago Creek, Santa Ana Formation, Silverado Canyon, Trabuco Formation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Geological and Planetary Sciences
Major Option:Geology
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1948
Additional Information:Supplemental Files Information: Geological map of a part of the Santa Ana Mountains: Supplement 1 from "Geology of the pre-Cretaceous rocks in a portion of the Santa Ana Mountains" (Thesis). Date(s) Collected: 1948. Geographic Location Bounding Box: -117.583 Degrees East; -117.633 Degrees West; 33.767 Degrees North; 33.7 Degrees South.
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:03122010-110012207
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription 1 in CaltechDATA: Geological map of a part of the Santa Ana Mountains
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5598
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Apr 2010 16:26
Last Modified:22 Mar 2023 17:49

Thesis Files

PDF - Final Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF (Geologic map) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.


Repository Staff Only: item control page