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Dynamics, Noise Properties, and Spectral Characteristics of Semiconductor Lasers with External Coupling


Lu, Lun-Tseng (1989) Dynamics, Noise Properties, and Spectral Characteristics of Semiconductor Lasers with External Coupling. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/frs6-t936.


This thesis is a study of the dynamics, noise properties, and linewidth of semiconductor lasers with external coupling. In Chapter 2, a general formalism is developed for obtaining the optical-field equations of semiconductor lasers with external coupling. This formalism is applied to three different types of semiconductor lasers: (1) a diode laser coupled to an external mirror, (2) an injection-locked diode laser, and (3) an axially coupled two-section diode laser. The resulting equations are the basis for the studies and discussions given in Chapters 3, 4, and 5.

The third chapter considers, using a small-signal analysis, a single-mode semiconducor laser coupled to an external mirror. Light trapped for many round trips inside the external cavity is taken into account. Analytical expressions for the frequency and relative-intensity fluctuation spectra, the laser linewidth and the small-signal current modulation response are obtained. The fundamental mechanism that prevents the mode locking in semiconductor lasers with an external feedback is identified. The observed data on the intensity noise and the current modulation response are elucidated.

An injection-locked semiconductor laser is studied in Chapter 4. The origin and importance of the facet's amplitude reflectivities are described. The instability occurring in the high-frequency side of the locked range is fully explored. A detailed study of the locking bandwidth is presented. It is shown that, depending on the detuning of the lasing frequency, the relative-intensity noise can be reduced or increased. It is also demonstrated on a general basis that the locked laser linewidth is the same as that of the injected field.

The dynamics and laser linewidth of an axially coupled two-section semiconductor laser are scrutinized in the last chapter. The relative-intensity and frequency fluctuation spectra can be obtained from the results given in this chapter. A formula is obtained for the laser linewidth. This formula explains the experimental observations that the linewidth is nearly inversely proportional to the power with a nonzero intercept. Finally, the contribution to the reduction in dynamic frequency chirping of two-section lasers is clarified.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Applied Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yariv, Amnon (advisor)
  • Bellan, Paul Murray (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Yariv, Amnon (chair)
  • Bellan, Paul Murray
  • Atwater, Harry Albert
  • Breckinridge, James B.
  • Drever, Ronald W. P.
  • Vahala, Kerry J.
Defense Date:1 August 1988
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-02082007-092122
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:550
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:28 Feb 2007
Last Modified:20 Aug 2021 18:52

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