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The resonating valence bond model of molecules and reactions


Voter, Arthur F (1983) The resonating valence bond model of molecules and reactions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology.


This thesis presents an ab initio generalization of Pauling's theory of resonance, the generalized resonating valence bond (GRVB) method. In GRVB, we optimize a wavefunction of the form Ψ_(TOT) = C_A Ψ_A + C_B Ψ_B where Ψ_A and Ψ_B are multiconfigurational wavefunctions with arbitrary overlap. This type of wavefunction has been considered unfeasible for more than a few electrons due to the n! computational dependence of evaluating the matrix element <Ψ_A|H|Ψ_B>. We reduce this dependence to ~n^5 by biorthogonalizing the orbitals in each determinant pair. GRVB is ideally suited to describing systems which require a resonance of more than one bonding structure, such as benzene, molecules with three-electron bonds, and reaction transition states. Besides yielding a conceptually simple avefunction, we find that GRVB yields quantitative results for processes in which the dominant differential correlation is a resonance effect. For example, the GRVB barrier heights for the HCl + H and HF + H exchange reactions are each within one kcal of the basis set limit, in contrast to the orthogonal configuration interaction (CI) approaches which require hundreds or thousands of configurations to achieve the same accuracy. We also present application to the three-electron bonding in noble gas dimer ions, and various other examples.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Awards:The Herbert Newby McCoy Award, 1981
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Goddard, William A., III
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:11 January 1983
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:11132009-133042163
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5376
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:17 Nov 2009 21:43
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:18

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