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A Theory of Stall Propagation in Axial Compressors on the Basis of Airfoil Characteristics


Burggraf, Odus Roy (1955) A Theory of Stall Propagation in Axial Compressors on the Basis of Airfoil Characteristics. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/HQV0-7S12.


The process of stall propagation in an axial flow compressor is represented by nonlinear airfoil lift and drag characteristics, with a time lag associated with the stalling mechanism. A pair of nonlinear integro-differential equations express the lift and drag as a function of time for a given airfoil in an isolated plane cascade representing an annulus with only a finite number of blades. Approximate solutions of these integro-differential equations are obtained by considering only the fundamental frequency in the Fourier series representing the blade loadings. Qualitative results are obtained for three cases: (a) only blade circulation is considered to be of importance in the mechanism of propagating stall, (b) blade drag is of predominant importance, and (c) combined effects of lift and drag are considered. Comparisons are made of the propagating speeds calculated for a finite number of blades with the values obtained by the approximation of an infinite number of blades. The magnitudes of the fluctuations in lift and drag are calculated as well as limiting angles of attack for which stall propagation can occur.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautics and Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Minor Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Marble, Frank E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1955
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-11242003-103851
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4647
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:24 Nov 2003
Last Modified:10 Jul 2023 17:36

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