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Laminar Boundary Layer Separation and Near Wake Flow for a Smooth Blunt Body at Supersonic and Hypersonic Speeds


Grange, Jean-Marie François (1966) Laminar Boundary Layer Separation and Near Wake Flow for a Smooth Blunt Body at Supersonic and Hypersonic Speeds. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/3ZN7-BC18.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. At supersonic and hypersonic speeds the location of the boundary layer separation point on the surface of a smooth, blunt body is not fixed a priori, but is determined by the pressure rise communicated upstream through the subcritical base flow. By utilizing the integral or moment method of Reeves and Lees the separation-interaction region is joined smoothly to the near-wake interaction region passing through a "throat" downstream of the rear stagnation point. One interesting feature of this problem is that the viscous flow over the blunt body "overexpands" and goes supercritical. This flow is joined to the near-wake by means of a supercritical-subcritical "jump" upstream of separation, and the jump location is determined by the matching conditions. Downstream of the jump the viscous flow separates in response to the pressure rise, and forms a constant pressure mixing region leading into the near wake. As an illustrative example the method is applied to an adiabatic circular cylinder at [...] = 6, and the results are compared with the experimental measurements of Dewey and McCarthy. This method can be extended to non-adiabatic bodies, and to slender bodies with smooth bases, provided that the radius of curvature is large compared to the boundary layer thickness.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautical Engineering)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lees, Lester
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:26 May 1966
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-11112005-152028
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4509
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:11 Nov 2005
Last Modified:23 Feb 2024 00:36

Thesis Files

PDF (Grange_jm_1966.pdf) - Final Version
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