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Scattering of Light from Large Cylinders


Abushagur, Mustafa A. G. (1984) Scattering of Light from Large Cylinders. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/akkw-r889.


Scattering of a plane electromagnetic wave from circular conducting and dielectric cylinders is analyzed. Both polarizations of the incident electric field, parallel and normal to the axis of the cylinder, are considered. The study of the rigorous solutions gives an insightful understanding of the scattered field and its dependence on the material of the cylinder, the polarizations of the incident field, and the three dimensionality of the object which usually are not considered in Fourier optics. It is shown that a combination of Fourier optics and ray theory can give good approximations for the scattered field from both conducting and dielectric cylinders. It is shown that the scattered pattern from a conducting cylinder consists of a main lobe and a number of side lobes. The spacing between the side lobes decreases as ka increases, where k is the wave number of the incident field and a the radius of the cylinder. It is found that for a certain conducting cylinder the side lobes terminate in a smaller scattering angle when the incident field is polarized parallel to the axis than when the incident field is polarized normal to the axis of the cylinder. The surface current density in the shadow region is found to be larger for the normal polarization case than for the parallel polarization case. The pattern of the scattered field from a dielectric cylinder has fringes all around the cylinder. The contrast of the fringes for the dielectric cylinder is much larger when the polarization of the incident field is parallel to the axis than that when the polarization is normal to the axis. The backscattered field of the dielectric cylinder has a peak which depends in its position on the refractive-index of the cylinder for the parallel polarization case. The fine structure of the scattering by a dielectric cylinder is studied. It is shown that the dielectric cylinder has resonant frequencies which depend on the radius and refractive-index of the cylinder. It is found that there are significant differences in the shape of the scattered pattern depending on whether the cylinder is at-resonance or at off-resonance. Experimental investigations are carried out to verify the theory derived in this study and it is found that both theory and experiments are in good agreement.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Electrical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bridges, William B.
Thesis Committee:
  • Cowan, Eugene W. (chair)
  • George, Nicholas A.
  • Papas, Charles Herach
  • Psaltis, Demetri
  • Bridges, William B.
Defense Date:27 October 1983
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Al-Fatih UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-11102005-102554
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription adapted for Appendix B.
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4489
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:10 Nov 2005
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:06

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PDF (Abushagur_ma_1984.pdf) - Final Version
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