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A theoretical study of the generation of squeezed-state light via degenerate parametric amplification


Crouch, David Dale (1988) A theoretical study of the generation of squeezed-state light via degenerate parametric amplification. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology.


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This thesis is primarily a theoretical study of degenerate parametric amplification as a means of generating squeezed-state light.

i) A wideband traveling-wave formalism is developed for analyzing quantum mechanically a degenerate parametric amplifier. The formalism is based on spatial differential equations--spatial Langevin equations--that propagate temporal Fourier components of the field through the nonlinear medium. In addition to the parametric nonlinearity, the Langevin equations include absorption and associated fluctuations, dispersion, and pump quantum fluctuations. The dominant effects of dispersion and pump quantum fluctuations on the squeezing produced by a degenerate parametric amplifier are analyzed.

ii) The wideband formalism of i) is used to carry out a more detailed analysis of the effects of phase mismatching. With the assumption of a lossless medium and a classical pump, we find that parametric amplification is capable of generating squeezed-state light over a wide band if materials with large [...] nonlinearities can be found, and that the squeezing bandwidth can be enhanced by phase mismatching away from degeneracy.

iii) We consider again the effect of pump quantum fluctuations on the squeezing produced by parametric amplification. We perform discrete-mode calculations for a parametric amplifier with a quantum pump, and discuss some of the limitations of calculations of this sort in quantum optics. We derive stochastic differential equations (SDEs) for one- and two-mode parametric amplifiers, and from them obtain an iterative solution showing that pump quantum fluctuations impose a limitation on the degree of squeezing obtainable from a parametric amplifier.

iv) A possible application of squeezing is considered; in particular, we study the effects of squeezing the intracavity noise in a laser oscillator. We solve the classical noise problem of a realistic laser model by making a bold--and possibly unrealizable--assumption, that the in-phase and quadrature Langevin sources which are responsible for the "noisiness" of the laser can be squeezed. We show that the effect of squeezing the in-phase quadrature is to reduce the phase noise, including the linewidth, of the laser but, due to amplitude-phase coupling, not to eliminate them altogether.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Caves, Carlton (advisor)
  • Thorne, Kip S. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:16 May 1988
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-11022007-131309
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4376
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:21 Nov 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:08

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