A Caltech Library Service

A Constitutive Relation for Shape-Memory Alloys


Kelly, Alex (2009) A Constitutive Relation for Shape-Memory Alloys. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/YMT5-AX47.


The novel nonlinear thermoelastic behavior of shape-memory alloys (SMAs) makes them increasingly desirable as components in many advanced technological applications. In order to incorporate these materials into engineering designs, it is important to develop an understanding of their constitutive response. The purpose of this thesis is to develop a constitutive model of shape-memory polycrystals that is faithful to the underlying micromechanics while remaining simple enough for utility in engineering analysis and design.

We present a model in which the material microstructure is represented macroscopically as a recoverable transformation strain that is constrained by the texture of the polycrystal. The point of departure in this model is the recognition that the mechanics of the onset of martensitic transformation are fundamentally different from those of its saturation. Consequently, the constraint on the set of recoverable strains varies throughout the transformation process. The effects of constraint geometry on the constitutive response of SMAs are studied. Several well known properties of SMAs are demonstrated. Finally the model is simply implemented in a commercial finite-element package as a proof of the concept.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:constitutive modelling; shape-memory
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Mechanics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik (advisor)
  • Murray, Richard M. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik (chair)
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
  • Greer, Julia R.
  • Murray, Richard M.
Defense Date:4 September 2008
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09292008-204618
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3823
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:23 Oct 2008
Last Modified:26 Nov 2019 19:14

Thesis Files

PDF (Akellythesis090408.pdf) - Final Version
See Usage Policy.


Repository Staff Only: item control page