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Calculation of πNN and πNN* Coupling Shifts, Using the Dashen-Frautschi Method


Josephson, Nora Sigrun (1967) Calculation of πNN and πNN* Coupling Shifts, Using the Dashen-Frautschi Method. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/VKK6-0Y76.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. In this thesis the Dashen-Frautschi method is applied to find shifts from SU(2) symmetry of [pi]NN and [pi]NN* coupling constants. Three new features of this type of calculation are discovered. First, we observe that the same A matrix used to connect s channel and u channel residue shifts also relates u channel contributions such as those due to [gamma]N exchange to analogous processes in the s channel. Secondly, under the assumption that all photon masses are the same (for fixed [delta]I), we note that for linear D functions the A matrix has one eigenvalue exactly equal to one (for each [delta]I), but the corresponding component of the driving term vanishes. This result depends essentially only on Clebsch-Gordan and crossing coefficients. The third discovery is that when viewed in a space of larger dimension, eigenvalues near one and "no enhancement" are easy to understand. We also note that when including infrared corrections, residues are not in general proportional to products of coupling constants. Since the driving terms are approximately orthogonal to the eigenvectors with eigenvalues near one, there is no simple dominant pattern, and thus our numerical results are sensitive to details which are poorly known. We do believe that our calculation gives correct order of magnitude estimates; the observable parts of the [delta]R/R[subscript o]'s are found to be less than one percent. The experimental data are presently unclear but at least do not decisively indicate larger residue shifts than this.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Physics and Applied Mathematics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Minor Option:Applied Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Frautschi, Steven C.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:3 March 1967
Additional Information:Author is listed under her married name in the 1967 Caltech commencement program: Nora Sigrun Thornber
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09252002-121457
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3754
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:25 Sep 2002
Last Modified:19 Mar 2024 18:05

Thesis Files

PDF (Josephson_n_1967.pdf) - Final Version
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