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Vibration Tests of Structures


Keightley, Willard Otis (1964) Vibration Tests of Structures. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/E95Z-HW51.


Dynamic tests of three structures are described. In two cases linear vibration theory is applied to explain the behavior of the structures. In the third case a new method of analyzing the vibration records is introduced to define nonlinear properties of the structure. Free and forced vibration tests were conducted on a reservoir outlet structure consisting of a reinforced concrete tower, 149 feet in height, with a steel truss bridge, 339 feet long, connected to the tower near the top. Measurements revealed five natural frequencies and mode shapes, and indicated the extent and significance of foundation movements. A detailed theoretical analysis of linear vibrations of the structure is carried out to show good agreement with the observations and to illustrate a general technique for the dynamic analysis of framed structures. An earth dam 485 feet long by 60 feet in height by 450 feet thick at the base was subjected to a sinusoidal lateral exciting force at the top. Application of the theory of a truncated wedge vibrating in shear modes is made to determine an effective shear wave velocity in the earth fill and to estimate damping in the modes. A general procedure is presented for experimentally determining the restoring and dissipating functions in lumped mass structures, linear or nonlinear. An experiment on a single degree of freedom laboratory structure with bolted joints is used to illustrate the method. The question of instrumentation suitable for structural dynamic work is considered and recommendations are made on the basis of tests and examination of many commercially available components.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Applied Mechanics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Mechanics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Housner, George W. (advisor)
  • Hudson, Donald E. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1964
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09232002-113912
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3710
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:24 Sep 2002
Last Modified:19 Jan 2024 21:14

Thesis Files

PDF (Keightley_w_1964.pdf) - Final Version
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