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A mathematical study of the particle size distribution of coagulating disperse systems A Mathematical Study of the Particle Size Distribution of Coagulating Disperse Systems

Citation

Wang, Chiu-sen (1966) A mathematical study of the particle size distribution of coagulating disperse systems A Mathematical Study of the Particle Size Distribution of Coagulating Disperse Systems. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/QYDE-A565. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-09232002-110824

Abstract

NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. The behavior of the particle size distribution of coagulating dispersions is studied theoretically. If the collision frequency factor is a homogeneous function of particle volume, the partial integro-differential equation describing the coagulation kinetics can be transformed into an ordinary integro-differential equation by a similarity transformation originally proposed by Friedlander. The solution to the resulting equation, called the self-preserving spectrum, is determined for three different collision mechanisms: (1) constant collision frequency factor, (2) Brownian motion, and (3) simultaneous Brownian motion and shear flow, in which the shear rate decreases with time in a particular way. The results of this study indicate that the shape of the self-preserving spectrum is greatly influenced by the collision mechanism. If a slip correction for the particle drag is taken into consideration, the coagulation equation for Brownian motion cannot be reduced to an ordinary integro-differential equation. However, the coagulation equation can be written in terms of a reduced size spectrum, By assuming that the reduced size spectrum varies slowly with time, a family of "quasi-self-preserving" spectra are obtained for various values of a parameter [?] which is a function of the mean free path of the fluid, the total volume concentration and the total number concentration of particles. The self-preserving hypothesis concerning the particle size distribution is proved to be true for the case of constant collision frequency factor. For Brownian coagulation, arguments are presented to support the hypothesis. In the cases which are worked out, it is assumed that the particles are uncharged and spherical in shape and that their density is conserved in the coagulation process.

Item Type: Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) (Chemical Engineering) California Institute of Technology Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering Public (worldwide access) Friedlander, Sheldon K. Unknown, Unknown 10 May 1966 Pinyin transliteration of author's name is Qiusen Wang. CaltechETD:etd-09232002-110824 https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-09232002-110824 10.7907/QYDE-A565 No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 3706 CaltechTHESIS Imported from ETD-db 24 Sep 2002 27 Feb 2024 18:35

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