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Silicon heterojunctions


Pettersson, Per-Olov (1996) Silicon heterojunctions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/pvjr-8w50.


The three topics presented in this thesis all concern silicon heterojunction growth and device applications. We developed growth techniques for two relatively immature material systems, silicon/calciumfluoride (Si/CaF2) and silicon/silicon-carbon (Si/Si1-yCy), and fabricated devices which take the mature silicon/silicon dioxides (Si/SiO2) material system to new limits in terms of oxide thickness.

We applied novel growth techniques in the undeveloped material systems with the ultimate goal of producing device quality material suitable for quantum device fabrication. In the Si/CaF2 material system, we used a new technique known as Electron Beam Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy to improve the morphology of silicon grown on calciumfluoride. The result was a decrease in roughness of the silicon overlayer. In the silicon/silicon-carbon material system, we employed Surfactant Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy to grow smooth high carbon content silicon-carbon on silicon. Here, the result was a greatly improved surface morhology and the technique looks promising for applications requiring high carbon concentrations.

In the mature and extremely important (from a technological and commercial point of view) Si/SiO2 material system, we fabricated Metal Insulator Semiconductor Switches devices in a study of the dependence of the I/V curve on the insulator thickness. While the primary objective of this study was to optimize the I/V curve, we learned that this material system is not very well understood, neither from a theoretical nor experimental standpoint, when the oxide is extremely thin.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • McGill, Thomas C.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:6 May 1996
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09112006-145849
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3463
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:11 Sep 2006
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:27

Thesis Files

PDF (Pettersson_p_1996.pdf) - Final Version
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