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Monte Carlo studies of two dimensional quantum spin systems


Makivic, Miloje S. (1991) Monte Carlo studies of two dimensional quantum spin systems. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/tgsp-gc60.


Spin-1/2 nearest neighbor Heisenberg antiferromagnet and XY model on a square lattice are studied via large scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations using a fast and efficient multispin coding algorithm on the Caltech/JPL MarkIIIfp parallel supercomputer, based on the Suzuki-Trotter transformation. We performed simulations with very good statistics on lattices as large as 128x128 spins, in the temperature range from 0.1 to 2.5 in units of the effective exchange coupling J. We calculated energy, specific heat, magnetic susceptibilities and also spin correlation functions from which we deduce the correlation lengths.

For the Heisenberg model, at temperatures higher than J the results are in excellent agreement with high-temperature series expansion. At low temperatures the long wavelength behavior is essentially classical. Our data show that the correlation length and staggered susceptibility are quantitatively well described by the renormalized classical picture at the 2-loop level of approximation. From the divergence of the correlation length, we deduce the value of the quantum renormalized spin stiffness, [rho][subscript s]/J = 0.199(2). We give evidence that the correlation function is of the Ornstein-Zernicke type. By comparing the largest measured correlation lengths with neutron scattering experiments on La2CuO4, we deduce the value of effective exchange coupling J = 1450±30 K. By measuring the imaginary time-dependent correlation functions, we show that the dynamics of the model can be well understood within a Bose liquid-type picture. The spin waves are rather sharp throughout most of the Brillouin zone and the damping is weakly dependent on the wave vector.

In the case of the XY model, convincing numerical evidence is obtained on square lattices as large as 96x96 that the spin-1/2 XY model undergoes a Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) phase transition at kTc/J = 0.350(4). The correlation length and in-plane susceptibility diverge at Tc precisely according to the form predicted by Kosterlitz and Thouless for the classical XY model. The specific heat increases very rapidly on heating near Tc and exhibits a peak around kT/J = 0.45. We also measure the spin stiffness and the correlation function exponent below the transition temperature. Within the statistical accuracy of the measurements, the results are well described by the square root singularity (with a nonuniversal amplitude) below Tc, and they have the universal values in agreement with KT theory at Tc.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Cross, Michael Clifford (advisor)
  • Fox, Geoffrey C. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:2 August 1990
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-07202007-094134
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2952
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:20 Jul 2007
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:07

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PDF (Makivic_ms_1991.pdf) - Final Version
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