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An Experimental Investigation of Flame Stabilization in a Heated Turbulent Boundary Layer


Turcotte, Donald Lawson (1958) An Experimental Investigation of Flame Stabilization in a Heated Turbulent Boundary Layer. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/XT75-T174.


For a number of years the significant parameters governing flame stabilization in moving streams have been known. In high speed applications the chemical time delay plays a fundamental role. For the low speed problems the normal flame speed and quenching distance govern stabilization. Unfortunately the transition region between the two groups of problems has not been investigated. Also the actual relation between these parameters and the properties of the combustible mixture has not been established. To investigate these fundamental questions an experiment was set up to study flame stabilization in heated turbulent boundary layers. For wall temperatures above about 1700[degrees]F. the chemical time delay, represented by the length of the heated flame holder wall required for stabilization, was found to be a systematic and reproducible variable. A rational explanation was made for the transition from the low speed stabilization mechanism known to be applicable in unheated turbulent boundary layers and heated laminar boundary layers to the ignition mechanism applicable in heated turbulent boundary layers. An attempt was made to relate the observed stabilization measurements to a theoretical solution based on ignition in a laminar sub-layer. The present methods of solution for such problems were found to be inadequate. A similarity solution yielded an interesting result which agreed fairly well with experiments.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Aeronautics and Physics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Minor Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Marble, Frank E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1958
Additional Information:Title varies in the 1958 Caltech commencement program Flame Stabilization in Turbulent Boundary Layers
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-07162004-110746
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2897
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:20 Jul 2004
Last Modified:17 Oct 2023 16:56

Thesis Files

PDF (Turcotte_dl_1958.pdf) - Final Version
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