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Vortex-induced vibration, absence of lock-in and fluid force deduction


Gharib, Mohammad Reza (1999) Vortex-induced vibration, absence of lock-in and fluid force deduction. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/CF0Y-5A59.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document.

Vortex-induced vibration (VIV) of elastically supported cylinders in cross-flow is studied experimentally for cylinder mass ratios (average cylinder density / fluid density), [...]. For small mass ratios below 10, a new VIV mode is discovered which does not involve a lock-in behavior. The oscillation and the shedding frequencies coalesce and deviate slightly from the nominal Strouhal frequency of St=0.2 to smaller values with increasing free stream velocity U. With increasing mass ratio above 10 (m*>10), the frequency growth with free stream velocity U appears to approach the lock-in limit while the amplitude and the frequency range of oscillations diminish. Additionally, a novel technique is employed to deduce the unsteady lift coefficient on the body using VIV time traces of the cylinder displacement and their numerical derivatives.

An analytical study of the dynamical equation shows that the oscillation amplitude (A/D) is inversely proportional to effective stiffness, [...], where U represents the non-dimensional flow speed and [...], the ratio of the oscillation to natural frequencies. It is hence maintained that at high mass ratio cases studied previously (m*>100), lock-in behavior ([...] for U ~ 1) is a prerequisite for nominal vibration amplitudes. At low values of mass ratio, however, [...] is minimized naturally without a need for lock-in.

Through a detailed study of a large number of cases with low to medium mass ratios in different experimental settings, it is additionally argued that lock-in is a sporadic phenomenon that appears at various mass ratios. The few occurrences of lock-in at low mass ratios with nominal damping and the unexpected absence of any oscillations at medium mass ratios (m*~30), except for a few cases exhibiting lock-in tendencies indicate that lock-in is not as common as classically believed.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Thesis Committee:
  • Leonard, Anthony (chair)
Defense Date:25 March 1999
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-07132005-133506
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2874
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:13 Jul 2005
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 04:09

Thesis Files

PDF (Gharib_mr_1999.pdf) - Final Version
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