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Optical Computing for Adaptive Signal Processing and Associative Memories


Hong, John Hyunchul (1987) Optical Computing for Adaptive Signal Processing and Associative Memories. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/3vpt-fn50.


Optical techniques for performing two computing tasks are investigated. First, acousto-optical systems that implement adaptive filtering structures are presented for operation in environments that are not well characterized a priori or are time-varying. Theoretical analyses along with experimental confirmations are given to identify the important system parameters that affect the performance. Extensions of the systems to the multidimensional domain of phased array signal processing are discussed as well as novel implementations that use photorefractive crystals as time-integrating elements.

Also investigated are various associative memory models. An acousto-optic implementation of the so-called Hopfield model is presented. The system's storage capacity and attraction radius are characterized experimentally and are shown to agree with computer simulations. Secondly, an upper bound is derived for the storage capacity of holographic associative memories that use planar holograms. It is shown that if the space bandwidth product of the hologram is N2, then the holographic memory can store at most N2/N3 associations, where N3 is the number of pixels in each output item. Finally, associative memories whose performance is invariant with respect to shifts in the input pattern position are considered. It is shown that nonlinear interconnections are required to achieve shift invariant operation, and optical implementations are discussed.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Electrical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Psaltis, Demetri
Thesis Committee:
  • Psaltis, Demetri (chair)
  • Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.
  • Sideris, Athanasios
  • Koch, Christof
  • Posner, Edward C.
Defense Date:25 May 1987
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06142006-094757
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2583
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:19 Jun 2006
Last Modified:31 Aug 2022 00:25

Thesis Files

PDF (Hong_jh_1987.pdf) - Final Version
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