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Heat Release Effects in a Turbulent, Reacting Shear Layer


Hermanson, James Carl (1985) Heat Release Effects in a Turbulent, Reacting Shear Layer. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/y722-za34.


The effects of heat release were studied in a planar, gaseous reacting mixing layer formed between free streams containing hydrogen and fluorine in inert diluents. Sufficiently high concentrations of reactants were employed to produce adiabatic flame temperature rises of up to 940 K (1240 K absolute). The Reynolds number at the measuring station, based on velocity difference, 1% temperature thickness and cold kinematic viscosity was approximately 6x104. The temperature field was measured with cold wire resistance thermometers and thermocouples. Flow visualization was accomplished by schlieren spark and motion picture photography. Mean velocity information was extracted from mean pitot probe dynamic pressure measurements.

Though the displacement thickness of the layer, for zero streamwise pressure gradient, increased with increasing heat release, the actual growth rate of the layer did not increase, but instead decreased slightly. The overall entrainment into the layer was seen to be substantially reduced as a consequence of heat release. Calculations showed that the decrease in layer growth rate can be accounted for by a corresponding reduction in turbulent shear stress.

The mean temperature rise profiles, normalized by the adiabatic flame temperature rise, were not greatly changed in shape by heat release. A small decrease in normalized mean temperature rise with heat release was observed. Large scale coherent structures were observed to persist at all levels of heat release in this investigation. The mean structure spacing decreased with increasing temperature. This decrease exceeded the rate of layer growth rate reduction, and suggests that the mechanisms of vortex amalgamation were, to some extent, inhibited by heat release.

Imposition of a favorable pressure gradient resulted in additional thinning of the layer, and caused a slight increase in the mixing and amount of chemical product formation. The change in layer growth rate can be shown to be related to a change in free stream velocity ratio induced by pressure gradient.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Combustion; hydrogen/fluorine; mixing layers; reacting flow; shear layers; turbulence; turbulent mixing
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Dimotakis, Paul E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Dimotakis, Paul E. (chair)
  • Broadwell, James E.
  • Culick, Fred E. C.
  • Shair, Fredrick H.
  • Zukoski, Edward E.
Defense Date:29 April 1985
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)F49620-79-C-0159
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)AFOSR-83-0213
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06132007-075717
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2574
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:14 Jun 2007
Last Modified:16 Apr 2021 23:01

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