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SHARC-2 350 Micron Observations of Distant Submillimeter Selected Galaxies and Techniques for the Optimal Analysis and Observing of Weak Signals


Kovács, Attila (2006) SHARC-2 350 Micron Observations of Distant Submillimeter Selected Galaxies and Techniques for the Optimal Analysis and Observing of Weak Signals. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/8ZM9-6671.


New 350 micron data constrain accurately the thermal far-infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for 12 distant submillimeter selected galaxies (SMGs). The results confirm that the linear radio to far-infrared correlation, established for local infrared galaxies, holds out to high redshifts z ~ 1--3. The low correlation constant q ~ 2.14 is more indicative of star formation than AGN-fueled dust heating. The sample exhibits an apparent luminosity--temperature relation (L_FIR ~ T_d^2.89), possibly owing to selection effects. As a result, photometric redshifts in the radio or far-infrared may not be viable, but expressions may relate the observed quantities for current flux and volume limited SMG samples. These suggest that SED estimation may be possible, for objects similarly selected, based on a single radio or far-infrared flux measurement.

The detection of these faint objects (~10 mJy at 350 micron) from the ground is complicated by a bright (~1000 Jy) and highly variable (~10 Jy RMS in 10 minutes of integration) atmosphere with a 1/f^2 noise spectrum and by instrumental 1/f noise. To reach optimum sensitivities, a careful analysis of the data is required, and well-chosen observing strategies are helpful. The principal techniques that aid the extraction of weak signals from colored noise are presented. Close to optimal analysis is implemented effectively by the CRUSH software. Both the computing and storage requirement of the implementation scales linearly with the size of the data set, making this approach superior to the computationally expensive alternatives for handling the very large data volumes expected from future instruments.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:1/f noise; 350 micron; CRUSH; data analysis; data collection strategies; data reduction; filtering; noise weighting; observing patterns; observing strategies; radio to far-infrared correlation; SHARC-2; submillimeter galaxies; weak signals
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Phillips, Thomas G.
Group:Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, Astronomy Department
Thesis Committee:
  • Phillips, Thomas G. (chair)
  • Blain, Andrew W.
  • Zmuidzinas, Jonas
  • Kamionkowski, Marc P.
Defense Date:19 May 2006
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06022006-123747
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2400
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:05 Jun 2006
Last Modified:02 Apr 2020 21:33

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