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Deformation and Fracture of Thin Sheets of Nitinol


Daly, Samantha Hayes (2007) Deformation and Fracture of Thin Sheets of Nitinol. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/RATX-WG46.


Nickel-Titanium (Nitinol) is a Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) that exhibits superelasticity (pseudoelasticity) and shape memory by a solid-solid state diffusion-less phase transformation. Phase transformation and the resulting strain localization in Nitinol has long been a topic of study, both for its inherent scientific interest and also because of the large number of practical applications of this bimetallic alloy. Although Nitinol devices are extensively used in the medical industry, there is a fundamental gap in the amount of high-quality quantitative experimental data detailing strain localization. The numerous applications of shape memory alloys provide the motivation to understand the deformation and failure mechanisms of these materials, particularly their fatigue and fracture behavior. By using an in-situ optical technique called Digital Image Correlation (DIC), quantitative measures of strain localization in Nitinol are presented for the first time in both deformation and failure modes. In addition, a finite element small-scale transformation analysis near a crack tip in Nitinol subjected to mode-I loading under plane stress conditions is performed for the first time. The experimental results and finite element analysis provide new and detailed insights concerning the structure of phase transformation and crack tip fields in Nitinol.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:nickel-titanium; shape memory alloy
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Awards:Charles D. Babcock Award, 2007. Everhart Distinguished Graduate Student Lecturer Award, 2007.
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik (advisor)
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik (chair)
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami (co-chair)
  • Molinari, Alain
  • Daraio, Chiara
  • Rittel, Daniel
  • Knauss, Wolfgang Gustav
Defense Date:10 May 2007
Non-Caltech Author Email:samdaly (AT)
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05252007-000127
Persistent URL:
Daly, Samantha Hayes0000-0002-7297-1696
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2067
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:31 May 2007
Last Modified:16 Mar 2020 22:59

Thesis Files

PDF (Dissertation_SamanthaDaly.pdf) - Final Version
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