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A study of the entrainment and turbulence in a plane bouyant jet


Kotsovinos, Nikolas Evangelos (1975) A study of the entrainment and turbulence in a plane bouyant jet. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/JBRN-V548.


The entrainment and mixing processes in a two-dimensional vertical turbulent buoyant (heated) jet in its transition state from a pure jet to a pure plume have been studied. The ambient fluid is of uniform density and non-flowing except for the flow induced by the jet. Density variations are assumed small.

The equations of motion integrated across the jet have been carefully examined and it has been found that the kinematic buoyancy flux of a heated plume and the kinematic momentum flux of a pure jet are not in general conserved. It has been proven that the flow in a two-dimensional pure jet is not self-preserving.

A systematic set of experiments was carried out to examine turbulent buoyant jet behavior for a wide range of initial Richardson numbers (or densimetric Froude numbers). Values of the Richardson number, which describes the relative importance of buoyancy in a jet, extended from the value appropriate for a pure jet (zero) to that appropriate for a plume (approximately 0.6). The buoyant jet temperature and velocity fields were measured using calibrated fast response thermistors and a Laser Doppler velocimeter respectively. The velocity and temperature data obtained were recorded magnetically in digital form and subsequently processed to extract both mean and fluctuating values of temperature and velocity.

The structure of the mean flow (including the spreading rate of the mean velocity and temperature profiles, velocity and temperature distribution along jet axis, and the heat flux profile), the turbulence structure (including the profile of turbulence intensity and turbulent heat transfer, probability density distribution of temperature and velocity, skewness and flatness factor of temperature fluctuations) and the large scale motions (intermittency, profile of maximum and minimum temperature, frequency of crossing of hot/cold, cold/hot interface) of a buoyant jet were investigated as a function of the jet Richardson number. It was determined that the turbulent heat transfer and the turbulent intensity increase with increasing the Richardson number. The spreading rate of the transverse mean velocity and temperature profiles were found to be independent of the Richardson number. The turbulent buoyancy flux in a fully developed buoyant jet has been found to be a significant fraction (38%) of the axial buoyancy flux.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Civil Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • List, E. John
Thesis Committee:
  • List, E. John (chair)
  • Coles, Donald Earl
  • Brooks, Norman H.
Defense Date:27 May 1975
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05162007-081622
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1837
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:16 May 2007
Last Modified:21 Dec 2019 04:36

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