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String/Gauge Duality and Penrose Limit


Park, Jongwon (2003) String/Gauge Duality and Penrose Limit. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/4S7W-2F30.


Berenstein, Maldacena, and Nastase have recently discovered a particular limit of AdS/CFT correspondence where string theory in a plane wave background is dual to a sector of $mathcal N =4 SYM in a double scaling limit. It is based on the observation that a plane wave background can be obtained by taking Penrose limit of Anti de Sitter background. The corresponding gauge theory limit is identified via AdS/CFT dictionary. This proposal is especially exciting because string worldsheet theory in a plane wave background is exactly solvable, thereby opening a possibility that one can go beyond supergravity approximation. In the absence of string interactions, the duality made a remarkable prediction for anomalous dimension of gauge theory operators from exact free string spectrum, which was soon verified.

In this thesis, we attempt to extend the duality to the interacting theory level. We propose that the correct holographic recipe is to identify the full string field theory Hamiltonian with the dilatation operator of gauge theory. In practice, we must find an identification map between string theory and gauge theory Hilbert spaces and evaluate matrix elements of the two operators accordingly. The requirement that the inner product should be preserved determines a unique identification map assuming that it is hermitian. We show that transition amplitudes of string field theory agree with matrix elements of dilatation operator under this preferred identification for states with two different impurities. We later extend it to states with arbitrary impurities. In doing so, we find a diagrammatic correspondence between string field theory and gauge theory Feynman diagrams thereby providing direct handles on the duality. Our proposal is universal in the sense that it is applicable to any interaction type such as the open-closed interaction, and to all orders in g₂ and λ'. Hopefully, this thesis will be a key step towards proving the novel duality and a beginning of an exciting journey to the stringy regime of string/gauge duality.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:AdS/CFT; BMN correspondence; holography; Penrose limit; plane wave
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Ooguri, Hirosi
Group:Caltech Theory
Thesis Committee:
  • Ooguri, Hirosi (chair)
  • Kapustin, Anton N.
  • Mabuchi, Hideo
  • Schwarz, John H.
Defense Date:12 May 2003
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05152003-134850
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1812
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:16 May 2003
Last Modified:12 Feb 2021 00:20

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