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Model Parameterization and Model Selection in Geophysical Inverse Problems. Designing Inverse Problems that Respect a priori Geophysical Knowledge

Citation

Muir, Jack Broderick (2022) Model Parameterization and Model Selection in Geophysical Inverse Problems. Designing Inverse Problems that Respect a priori Geophysical Knowledge. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/203d-yx49. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10202021-003229377

Abstract

The vast majority of the Earth system is inaccessible to direct observation. Consequently, the structure and dynamics of the Earth can only be determined indirectly, via geophysical sensing. These methods have the mathematical form of an inverse problem, in which the data and the unknowns are linked by a physical process, such as seismic wave propagation. From the possibly noisy data, we have indirect access to the unknowns. The vast majority of geophysical inverse problems are ill-posed, and require the provision of a priori knowledge to stabilize the solution. This thesis investigates methods for designing inverse problems to better take advantage of geophysical or geological constraints, to allow better resolution or more interpretability of the solutions. Four major themes are investigated: In Chapter 2, we study the collection of a novel dataset of Rayleigh wave horizontal-to-vertical ratios to provide stronger constraints on upper-crustal structure in Southern California. In Chapters 3 and 4, we develop a method for wavefield-reconstruction of sparse seismic data, including heterogeneous networks consisting of both displacement and strain instruments. This method amounts to an inversion in data-space, and promises to unlock the potential of wavefield based methods for complex datasets. In Chapters 5 and 6, we investigate a new structural parameterization based on a combination of Gaussian processes and the level-set method, that better models discontinuous geological features such as sedimentary basins. We test our method on a variety of synthetic and real datasets, culminating in a detailed study of the northeastern Los Angeles basin, which we found to be significantly deeper and steeper than in previous models. Finally, we develop a method of model selection for noisy historical datasets, which we investigate using the case study of correcting Oldham's data misinterpretation in the 1906 paper that "discovered" Earth's core.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Geophysics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Geological and Planetary Sciences
Major Option:Geophysics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Tsai, Victor C. (advisor)
  • Clayton, Robert W. (advisor)
  • Zhan, Zhongwen (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Jackson, Jennifer M. (chair)
  • Tsai, Victor C.
  • Clayton, Robert W.
  • Zhan, Zhongwen
Defense Date:4 October 2021
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
General Sir John Monash FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Southern California Earthquake Center20024
NSFEAR-1848166
NSFNSF/IUCRC GMG
NSFEAR-1453263
NSFEAR-1520081
NSFEAR-2105358
NSFEAR-2011079
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10202021-003229377
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10202021-003229377
DOI:10.7907/203d-yx49
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1785/0120170051DOIArticle adapted for chapter 2
https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggab222DOIArticle adapted for chapter 3
https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz472DOIArticle adapted for chapter 5
https://doi.org/10.1785/0220190266DOIArticle adapted for chapter 7
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Muir, Jack Broderick0000-0003-2617-3420
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:14403
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Jack Muir
Deposited On:25 Oct 2021 16:17
Last Modified:03 Nov 2021 19:09

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