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# Sun-Dual Characterizations of the Translation Group of ℝ

## Citation

Jackson, Frances Yvonne (1998) Sun-Dual Characterizations of the Translation Group of ℝ. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/3y5x-kg66. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:11212019-103601328

## Abstract

Let E be a Banach space. The mapping tT (t) of ℝ (real numbers) into Lb(E), the Banach algebra of all bounded linear operators on E, is called a strongly continuous group or a C₀-group, if G = {T(t) : t ∈ ℝ} defines a group representation of (ℝ, +) into the multiplicative group of Lb(E), and if ∀fE,

[equation; see abstract in scanned thesis for details].

For example, if E = C₀(ℝ), the function space which consists of all continuous, complex functions that vanish at infinity, then (∀t ∈ ℝ) (∀fC₀(ℝ)), the function T(t)f(x) = f(x + t), x ∈ ℝ, defines a strongly continuous group, since each fE is uniformly continuous; this group is called the translation group. If we now consider E = B(ℝ), the space of bounded, continuous complex functions on ℝ, then although the translation group on E is not strongly continuous, it is strongly continuous on the subspace BUC(ℝ) of E, which consists of bounded, uniformly continuous functions. BUC(ℝ) is the largest subspace of E on which the translation group is strongly continuous.

The adjoint family of a C₀-group defined on a Banach space E, need not be strongly continuous on the Banach dual E* of E. Let E (pronounced E-sun) be the largest linear subspace of E* relative to which the adjoint family is a C₀-group:

[equation; see abstract in scanned thesis for details].

E is called the sun-dual or sun-space of E. If E = C₀(ℝ), then it follows from a well-known result of A. Plessner that E = L¹(ℝ) ([Ple]). This research paper contains a characterization of the sun-dual of BUC(ℝ) and of the subspace W AP(ℝ) of BUC(ℝ), which consists of weakly almost periodic functions on ℝ.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Mathematics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
• Luxemburg, W. A. J.
Thesis Committee:
• Luxemburg, W. A. J. (chair)
• Kechris, Alexander S.
• Makarov, Nikolai G.
• Wolff, Thomas H.
Defense Date:11 June 1997
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
UMI9809231
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:11212019-103601328
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:11212019-103601328
DOI:10.7907/3y5x-kg66
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:13588
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Mel Ray
Deposited On:21 Nov 2019 20:57