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Theory of Particle Deposition by Inertial Forces at Bifurcations in the Human Respiratory Tract


Bell, Karl Ammon (1970) Theory of Particle Deposition by Inertial Forces at Bifurcations in the Human Respiratory Tract. Master's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/XVNX-TN65.


The prediction of lung disease development in man from aerosol particles and the medical justification for subsequent control of particulate atmospheric pollutants requires specific knowledge of the rate and location of the aerosol deposition in the lungs. A theoretical development is presented to numerically predict the rate and location of aerosol deposition by impaction at the wedge walls in a model of a lung bifurcation. Two limiting flow cases, steady potential flow and steady laminar boundary layer flow, are analyzed and found to represent upper and lower bounds of limited experimental deposition data for one-micron particle obtained from a lung apparatus simulating normal inhalations.

Numerical deposition results for 20, 10, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 micron particles in steady potential flow show deposition fluxes to be functions of Stokes number and also the local air velocity distribution along the wedge. Boundary layer deposition results for the same particle are found to correspond to the first few data points of the steady potential case, however no boundary layer deposition occurs beyond a few particle diameters along the wedge.

Item Type:Thesis (Master's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Chemical Engineering, Master's Thesis
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lees, Lester (advisor)
  • Friedlander, Sheldon K. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 October 1970
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05172018-084339801
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10907
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:17 May 2018 17:00
Last Modified:20 Dec 2019 20:03

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