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I. Constitutive Relations for a Granular Material. II. The Distribution of Stresses and Development of Failure at the Toe of a Slope and Around the Tip of a Crack

Citation

Lu, Tyzz-Dwo (1973) I. Constitutive Relations for a Granular Material. II. The Distribution of Stresses and Development of Failure at the Toe of a Slope and Around the Tip of a Crack. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12132017-144159939

Abstract

In the first part of this thesis, a three-dimensional rheological model was constructed to represent the deformation behavior of a granular material. The constitutive relations for a granular material were subsequently derived. The rheological model was conceived from the observed behavior of granular material from laboratory experiments and from theoretical considerations. The constitutive relations were expressed in incremental forms to account for the stress history and loading path dependency of a granular material's behavior, such as non-linearity, initial or induced anisotropy, history and path dependency, and shear dilatance.

The qualitative and quantitative behavior of a granular material such as sand under shear stress from experimental results and from the proposed constitutive relations was examined and compared. It was found that the experimental data and the proposed constitutive relations were in close agreement.

Due to the number of parameters involved, and the non-symmetrical resulting stiffness matrix in a general stress-strain formulation, it is difficult to apply the proposed constitutive in a finite element computer formulation at the present state of the art. Consequently the application of finite element methods to non-linear problems was examined in more detail as a preliminary step. The effect, or the results of the material properties, the finite element mesh size and the computational procedure was examined in detail in Part II of this thesis.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Civil Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Civil Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Scott, Ronald F.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:11 August 1972
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
JPLUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:12132017-144159939
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12132017-144159939
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10608
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:13 Dec 2017 23:33
Last Modified:13 Dec 2017 23:33

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