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I. Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering from Liquids and Liquid Mixtures: a Study of Mass and Thermal Diffusivities. II. Observation of Translational and Intramolecular Diffusion of Circular Duplex DNA by Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering

Citation

Brown, Ronald Jerome (1975) I. Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering from Liquids and Liquid Mixtures: a Study of Mass and Thermal Diffusivities. II. Observation of Translational and Intramolecular Diffusion of Circular Duplex DNA by Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12062017-094448880

Abstract

Part I

A quasi-elastic light scattering spectrometer has been con­structed and used to measure the binary mutual diffusion coefficient DAB as a function of concentration in eight binary mixtures and the thermal diffusivity x in nine pure liquids and two binary mixtures. The resulting values are in close agreement with the available bulk values and are accurate to within 3% for mass diffusivities and 5% for thermal diffusivities. Because neither type of measurement is dependent on the imposition of a macroscopic gradient, many of the problems associated with conventional bulk measurements are eliminated.

Determinations require less than 2 hours for thermal diffus­ivities and 30 minutes for mass diffusivities, in contrast to the more time consuming classical approaches.

On the basis of these experimental results, light scattering spectroscopy is established as an effective tool in the determination of liquid mass and thermal diffusivities. The technique should have wide industrial application.

Part II

Quasi-elastic light scattering experiments on solutions of ɸX174 RF DNA and PM2 I DNA reveal spectral contributions from transla­tional and intramolecular motion. A tentative interpretation of the data in terms of Rouse-Zimm theory indicates lowest order relaxation times qualitatively consistent with theoretical predictions. Further experiments on linear and form II DNA should provide information about the changes in molecular flexibility and translational diffusivity associated with an alteration in conformation.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Pings, Cornelius J.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:31 July 1974
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFGK-34045
Donald Baxter FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific ResearchAFOSR-68-1382
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:12062017-094448880
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12062017-094448880
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10589
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:06 Dec 2017 18:55
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 18:55

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