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Atomic Collisions of Low Relative Velocity


Richardson, Audre (1952) Atomic Collisions of Low Relative Velocity. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/9XYR-VS30.


Approximate solutions for the excitation of an atom by a colliding charged particle, developed as perturbations of the state of the system at infinite or asymptotic sepa­ration of atom and particle and also as perturbations of the state of the system at vanishing velocity of relative motion, are extended, in the impact parameter form (suit­ able to collision of heavy particles), to include the inter­action of states that are degenerate at asymptotic separa­tion, and to obtain thereby a condition for the Born approxi­mation that depends on the phase relations of degenerate states in the collision and excludes the low velocity region to the Born approximation, except for the excitation of S states. This is a correction of previous theories, which conclude that the Born solution is a general approximation at low velocities for weak interactions.

A low velocity perturbation solution is established in terms of the stationary states of the system and developed to show that, at sufficiently low velocity of relative mo­tion, the atomic states are coupled to the moving particle in the range of interaction. Differences in coupling energy affect the coherence of asymptotically degenerate states in the collision and influence the orientations of final excited states.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Physics and Mathematics)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Minor Option:Mathematics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Epstein, Paul Sophus
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1952
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10052017-153013846
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10491
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:05 Oct 2017 23:01
Last Modified:16 May 2023 21:59

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