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# Steady surface wave pattern in a shear flow

## Citation

Lau, Joseph P. (1968) Steady surface wave pattern in a shear flow. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/PEET-KY40. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12212015-100519870

## Abstract

The subject under investigation concerns the steady surface wave patterns created by small concentrated disturbances acting on a non-uniform flow of a heavy fluid. The initial value problem of a point disturbance in a primary flow having an arbitrary velocity distribution (U(y), 0, 0) in a direction parallel to the undisturbed free surface is formulated. A geometric optics method and the classical integral transformation method are employed as two different methods of solution for this problem. Whenever necessary, the special case of linear shear (i.e. U(y) = 1+ϵy)) is chosen for the purpose of facilitating the final integration of the solution.

The asymptotic form of the solution obtained by the method of integral transforms agrees with the leading terms of the solution obtained by geometric optics when the latter is expanded in powers of small ϵ r.

The overall effect of the shear is to confine the wave field on the downstream side of the disturbance to a region which is smaller than the wave region in the case of uniform flows. If U(y) vanishes, and changes sign at a critical plane y = ycr (e.g. ϵycr = -1 for the case of linear shear), then the boundary of this asymmetric wave field approaches this critical vertical plane. On this boundary the wave crests are all perpendicular to the x-axis, indicating that waves are reflected at this boundary.

Inside the wave field, as in the case of a point disturbance in a uniform primary flow, there exist two wave systems. The loci of constant phases (such as the crests or troughs) of these wave systems are not symmetric with respect to the x-axis. The geometric optics method and the integral transform method yield the same result of these loci for the special case of U(y) = Uo(1 + ϵy) and for large Kr (ϵr ˂˂ 1 ˂˂ Kr).

An expression for the variation of the amplitude of the waves in the wave field is obtained by the integral transform method. This is in the form of an expansion in small ϵr. The zeroth order is identical to the expression for the uniform stream case and is thus not applicable near the boundary of the wave region because it becomes infinite in that neighborhood. Throughout this investigation the viscous terms in the equations of motion are neglected, a reasonable assumption which can be justified when the wavelengths of the resulting waves are sufficiently large.

Item Type: Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) Engineering California Institute of Technology Engineering and Applied Science Engineering and Applied Science Public (worldwide access) Wu, Theodore Yao-tsu Unknown, Unknown 23 May 1968 CaltechTHESIS:12212015-100519870 https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:12212015-100519870 10.7907/PEET-KY40 No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 9337 CaltechTHESIS INVALID USER 21 Dec 2015 19:06 20 Dec 2019 19:30

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