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Beyond the blur: Construction and characterization of the first autonomous AO system and An AO survey of magnetar proper motions

Citation

Tendulkar, Shriharsh Prakash (2014) Beyond the blur: Construction and characterization of the first autonomous AO system and An AO survey of magnetar proper motions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:11192013-181748112

Abstract

Adaptive optics (AO) corrects distortions created by atmospheric turbulence and delivers diffraction-limited images on ground-based telescopes. The vastly improved spatial resolution and sensitivity has been utilized for studying everything from the magnetic fields of sunspots upto the internal dynamics of high-redshift galaxies. This thesis about AO science from small and large telescopes is divided into two parts: Robo-AO and magnetar kinematics.

In the first part, I discuss the construction and performance of the world’s first fully autonomous visible light AO system, Robo-AO, at the Palomar 60-inch telescope. Robo-AO operates extremely efficiently with an overhead < 50s, typically observing about 22 targets every hour. We have performed large AO programs observing a total of over 7,500 targets since May 2012. In the visible band, the images have a Strehl ratio of about 10% and achieve a contrast of upto 6 magnitudes at a separation of 1′′. The full-width at half maximum achieved is 110–130 milli-arcsecond. I describe how Robo-AO is used to constrain the evolutionary models of low-mass pre-main-sequence stars by measuring resolved spectral energy distributions of stellar multiples in the visible band, more than doubling the current sample. I conclude this part with a discussion of possible future improvements to the Robo-AO system.

In the second part, I describe a study of magnetar kinematics using high-resolution near-infrared (NIR) AO imaging from the 10-meter Keck II telescope. Measuring the proper motions of five magnetars with a precision of upto 0.7 milli-arcsecond/yr, we have more than tripled the previously known sample of magnetar proper motions and proved that magnetar kinematics are equivalent to those of radio pulsars. We conclusively showed that SGR 1900+14 and SGR 1806-20 were ejected from the stellar clusters with which they were traditionally associated. The inferred kinematic ages of these two magnetars are 6±1.8 kyr and 650±300 yr respectively. These ages are a factor of three to four times greater than their respective characteristic ages. The calculated braking index is close to unity as compared to three for the vacuum dipole model and 2.5-2.8 as measured for young pulsars. I conclude this section by describing a search for NIR counterparts of new magnetars and a future promise of polarimetric investigation of a magnetars’ NIR emission mechanism.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Adaptive Optics; Magnetars; Kinematics; Astrometry; Neutron Stars
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Astrophysics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.
Thesis Committee:
  • Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (chair)
  • Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.
  • Phinney, E. Sterl
  • Prince, Thomas A.
Defense Date:26 August 2013
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:11192013-181748112
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:11192013-181748112
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://www.astro.caltech.edu/~sptAuthorAuthor's web-page
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8031
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Shriharsh Tendulkar
Deposited On:27 Jan 2014 20:18
Last Modified:27 Jan 2014 20:18

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