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Interplay of martensitic phase transformation and plastic slip in polycrystals

Citation

Richards, Andrew Walter (2013) Interplay of martensitic phase transformation and plastic slip in polycrystals. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06072013-023915252

Abstract

Inspired by key experimental and analytical results regarding Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs), we propose a modelling framework to explore the interplay between martensitic phase transformations and plastic slip in polycrystalline materials, with an eye towards computational efficiency. The resulting framework uses a convexified potential for the internal energy density to capture the stored energy associated with transformation at the meso-scale, and introduces kinetic potentials to govern the evolution of transformation and plastic slip. The framework is novel in the way it treats plasticity on par with transformation.

We implement the framework in the setting of anti-plane shear, using a staggered implicit/explict update: we first use a Fast-Fourier Transform (FFT) solver based on an Augmented Lagrangian formulation to implicitly solve for the full-field displacements of a simulated polycrystal, then explicitly update the volume fraction of martensite and plastic slip using their respective stick-slip type kinetic laws. We observe that, even in this simple setting with an idealized material comprising four martensitic variants and four slip systems, the model recovers a rich variety of SMA type behaviors. We use this model to gain insight into the isothermal behavior of stress-stabilized martensite, looking at the effects of the relative plastic yield strength, the memory of deformation history under non-proportional loading, and several others.

We extend the framework to the generalized 3-D setting, for which the convexified potential is a lower bound on the actual internal energy, and show that the fully implicit discrete time formulation of the framework is governed by a variational principle for mechanical equilibrium. We further propose an extension of the method to finite deformations via an exponential mapping. We implement the generalized framework using an existing Optimal Transport Mesh-free (OTM) solver. We then model the $\alpha$--$\gamma$ and $\alpha$--$\varepsilon$ transformations in pure iron, with an initial attempt in the latter to account for twinning in the parent phase. We demonstrate the scalability of the framework to large scale computing by simulating Taylor impact experiments, observing nearly linear (ideal) speed-up through 256 MPI tasks. Finally, we present preliminary results of a simulated Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) experiment using the $\alpha$--$\varepsilon$ model.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:plasticity, martensite, phase transformation, polycrystal
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
Thesis Committee:
  • Ortiz, Michael (chair)
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
  • Lebensohn, Ricardo A.
  • Bhattacharya, Kaushik
Defense Date:1 May 2013
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy National Nuclear Security AdministrationDE-FC52-08NA28613
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:06072013-023915252
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06072013-023915252
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7859
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Andrew Richards
Deposited On:08 Jun 2013 01:10
Last Modified:08 Jun 2013 01:10

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