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Controlling olefin metathesis through catalyst and monomer design

Citation

Hejl, Andrew (2007) Controlling olefin metathesis through catalyst and monomer design. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-02072007-103257

Abstract

The olefin metathesis reaction has become a widely used method for the construction of new carbon-carbon double bonds. The development of well-defined, ruthenium-based catalysts with high air- and moisture-stability and functional group tolerance has allowed synthetic chemists to exploit this reaction in many areas. The main goal of this thesis was to better understand the impact of changes in catalyst and monomer structure on the olefin metathesis reaction. The introduction of chelating alkylidene ligands to olefin metathesis catalysts has resulted in systems with high activity and stability that, for the most part, are active at or below room temperature. However, for some applications, catalysts that react only at higher temperatures are desirable. Chapter 2 describes the synthesis of latent olefin metathesis catalysts with chelating alkylidenes with a range of donor ligands: including phosphines, pyridines, imines, amines, and thioethers. The nature of the donor ligand was found to have a large impact on the catalyst initiation rate. Chapter 3 describes mechanistic studies of the initiation of catalysts with chelating alkylidenes. In all cases, the rate-limiting step of catalyst initiation was found to be association of the incoming olefin, not dissociation of the donor ligand. Further investigations support a mechanism where dissociation of the chelated ligand occurs prior to olefin coordination, but is fast and reversible. Chapter 4 presents a detailed study of the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of low-strain monomers with ruthenium-based catalysts. The effects of monomer concentration and catalyst dependence are described for unsubstituted cycloolefins. The ROMP of low-strain olefins with polar substituents is also examined, and a predictive model for ROMP feasibility is proposed. Appendix 1 introduces a set of six reactions with specific reaction conditions to establish standards for comparing olefin metathesis catalysts. The reactions were selected on the basis of their ability to provide a maximum amount of information describing catalyst activity, stability, and selectivity, while being operationally simple. Seven of the most widely used ruthenium-based olefin metathesis catalysts were evaluated using these standards. These conditions are useful tools for the comparison and evaluation of new olefin metathesis catalysts.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:catalysis; chelating alkylidene; low-strain; mechanism; olefin metathesis; ROMP
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Grubbs, Robert H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Gray, Harry B. (chair)
  • Stoltz, Brian M.
  • Peters, Jonas C.
  • Grubbs, Robert H.
Defense Date:5 February 2007
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-02072007-103257
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-02072007-103257
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:537
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:12 Feb 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:30

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