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Plasma oscillations and radio noise from the disturbed sun. A field analysis of the M type backward wave oscillator

Citation

Gould, Roy Walter (1956) Plasma oscillations and radio noise from the disturbed sun. A field analysis of the M type backward wave oscillator. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12182003-094443

Abstract

I. Plasma Oscillations and Radio Noise from the Disturbed Sun.

Many investigators have suggested that plasma oscillations in the solar corona may be the source of large bursts of radio noise in the meter wavelength region. Two aspects of this problem are considered in this report: (a) the excitation of plasma oscillations by directed beams of charged particles, and (b) the conversion of energy in the longitudinal plasma oscillations to transverse electromagnetic waves by means of random inhomogeneities in electron density.

It appears unlikely that charged particles whose velocity is much less than the r.m.s. thermal velocity of the coronal electrons will excite plasma oscillations. Charged particles whose velocity is much greater than the r.m.s. thermal velocity excite oscillations in a band of frequencies, including frequencies above the local plasma frequency. However, qualitative arguments indicate that the noise should be concentrated in a narrow band of frequencies slightly below the local plasma frequency. Thus it is impossible to explain the Type II (slow) bursts in the manner assumed and unlikely that the Type III (fast) bursts are explainable in this manner. The transfer of energy is studied in detail and it is shown that only waves whose phase velocity is less than the directed beam of charged particles receive energy from the beam.

It is shown that plasma oscillations radiate a small fraction of their energy if the electron density is not uniform. In particular, random fluctuations in density, of the amount expected in thermal equilibrium, cause about 10[superscript -5] of the plasma-oscillation energy to be radiated; the remainder is dissipated by short-range collisions. Larger fluctuations than this are likely, and hence more energy should be radiated.

II. A Field Analysis of the M Type Backward Wave Oscillator.

A field theory of electron beams focused by crossed electric and magnetic fields is given. The theory is basic to the understanding of the small signal behavior of crossed field electron devices. It is applied to explain the slipping stream, or diocotron, effect as a coupling of two surface waves of the electron beam, and to derive the start oscillation conditions of the M-type backward wave oscillator. It is found that the slipping stream effect can reduce the starting current by an appreciable factor. The results are compared with the thin beam theory which neglects space charge effects.

An analysis of a loaded strip transmission line is given, from which a method of representing space harmonic slow wave circuits by a surface admittance boundary condition is obtained. Forward and backward space harmonic interaction may be treated equally well.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Field, Lester M.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1956
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12182003-094443
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12182003-094443
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5038
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:19 Dec 2003
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:14

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