Grange, Jean-Marie (1966) Laminar boundary layer separation and near wake flow for a smooth blunt body at supersonic and hypersonic speeds. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-11112005-152028
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At supersonic and hypersonic speeds the location of the boundary layer separation point on the surface of a smooth, blunt body is not fixed a priori, but is determined by the pressure rise communicated upstream through the subcritical base flow. By utilizing the integral or moment method of Reeves and Lees the separation-interaction region is joined smoothly to the near-wake interaction region passing through a "throat" downstream of the rear stagnation point. One interesting feature of this problem is that the viscous flow over the blunt body "overexpands" and goes supercritical. This flow is joined to the near-wake by means of a supercritical-subcritical "jump" upstream of separation, and the jump location is determined by the matching conditions.
Downstream of the jump the viscous flow separates in response to the pressure rise, and forms a constant pressure mixing region leading into the near wake. As an illustrative example the method is applied to an adiabatic circular cylinder at [...] = 6, and the results are compared with the experimental measurements of Dewey and McCarthy. This method can be extended to non-adiabatic bodies, and to slender bodies with smooth bases, provided that the radius of curvature is large compared to the boundary layer thickness.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Engineer's thesis)|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||26 May 1966|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||11 Nov 2005|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 03:09|
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