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Multi-resolution image processing and learning for texture recognition and image enhancement

Citation

Greenspan, Hayit (1994) Multi-resolution image processing and learning for texture recognition and image enhancement. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-10192005-104013

Abstract

A general recognition framework is presented that consists of multi-resolution pyramidal feature-extraction and learning paradigms for classification. The system is presented in the context of the texture recognition task.

In the feature extraction part of the system, an oriented Laplacian pyramid is used as an efficient filtering scheme to transform the input image to a more robust representation in the frequency and orientation space. An optimal technique is presented for computing a steerable representation of the pyramid. Steerability is used to generate a rotation-invariant input representation.

In the learning stage of the system we focus on a rule-based probabilistic learning scheme. This information-theoretic technique is utilized to find the most informative correlations between the attributes and the output classes while producing probability estimates for the outputs. Both unsupervised and supervised learning are utilized. Apart from the rule-based approach we experiment with other non-parametric classifiers, such as the k-nearest neighbor classifier and the Backprop neural-network.

We demonstrate experimentally that our scheme improves significantly upon the state-of-the-art both in rotation-invariant classification and in orientation estimation. A variety of applications are presented, including autonomous navigation scenarios and remote-sensing, as possible extensions for the texture recognition system. A generalization of the system to face-recognition is discussed.

In the latter part of the thesis, a procedure for creating images with higher resolution than the sampling rate would allow is described. The enhancement algorithm augments the frequency content of the image by using a non-linearity that generates phase-coherent higher harmonics. The procedure utilizes the Laplacian pyramid image representation. Results are presented depicting the power-spectra augmentation and the visual enhancement of several images. Simplicity of computations and ease of implementation allow for real-time applications such as high-definition television (HDTV). An initial investigation is pursued to combine the enhancement scheme with pyramid coding schemes.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Goodman, Rodney M.
Thesis Committee:
  • Goodman, Rodney M. (chair)
  • Anderson, Charles Hammond
  • Koch, Christof
  • Psaltis, Demetri
  • Perona, Pietro
Defense Date:20 May 1994
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-10192005-104013
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-10192005-104013
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4174
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:19 Oct 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:06

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