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An experimental investigation of mixing in two-dimensional turbulent shear flows with applications to diffusion-limited chemical reactions

Citation

Konrad, John Harrison (1977) An experimental investigation of mixing in two-dimensional turbulent shear flows with applications to diffusion-limited chemical reactions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-10132005-105700

Abstract

The extent of molecular mixing in several two-dimensional free turbulent shear flows was measured using a concentration probe with a frequency response of 100 kHz and a spatial resolution of 0.1 mm. The flows investigated were (i) a shear layer in which the gases on either side of the layer are of unequal density, (ii) a shear layer in which the gases on either side of the layer are of equal density, and (iii) a wake in which the gases on either side of the wake are of unequal densities. The extent of mixing was measured as a function of Reynolds number for the first case.

It was found that at a critical Reynolds number the extent of molecular mixing sharply increased (25%). Power spectral density curves of the concentration time histories also indicated a marked increase in the high frequency fluctuations above this Reynolds number. A shadowgraph investigation of this phenomenon revealed that three-dimensional Taylor-type vortices whose axes of rotation are basically in the flow direction exist in the flow in addition to the two-dimensional large structures previously observed. These Taylor vortices were found to be unstable above the critical Reynolds number and were producing the increase in molecular mixing. The growth and development of the two-dimensional large structures were found to be basically unaffected by this instability. It is proposed that the fully developed turbulence of shear flows is maintained by a combination of the development of the large structures and of the coupling between the large structures and these unstable Taylor vortices.

These data were also used to predict results for shear flows in which diffusion-limited chemical reactions have been incorporated.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Roshko, Anatol
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:7 September 1976
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-10132005-105700
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-10132005-105700
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4066
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:14 Oct 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:05

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