Kelly, Alex (2009) A constitutive relation for shape-memory alloys. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-09292008-204618
The novel nonlinear thermoelastic behavior of shape-memory alloys (SMAs) makes them increasingly desirable as components in many advanced technological applications. In order to incorporate these materials into engineering designs, it is important to develop an understanding of their constitutive response. The purpose of this thesis is to develop a constitutive model of shape-memory polycrystals that is faithful to the underlying micromechanics while remaining simple enough for utility in engineering analysis and design.
We present a model in which the material microstructure is represented macroscopically as a recoverable transformation strain that is constrained by the texture of the polycrystal. The point of departure in this model is the recognition that the mechanics of the onset of martensitic transformation are fundamentally different from those of its saturation. Consequently, the constraint on the set of recoverable strains varies throughout the transformation process. The effects of constraint geometry on the constitutive response of SMAs are studied. Several well known properties of SMAs are demonstrated. Finally the model is simply implemented in a commercial finite-element package as a proof of the concept.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Subject Keywords:||constitutive modelling; shape-memory|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Applied Mechanics|
|Thesis Availability:||Restricted to Caltech community only|
|Defense Date:||4 September 2008|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||23 Oct 2008|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 03:03|
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