Van Putten, Maurice H. P. M. (1992) MHD in divergence form : a computational method for astrophysical flow. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-08152007-144037
NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. The equations of MHD in curved space-time are presented in divergence form for the purpose of numerical implementation. This result follows from a covariant divergence form of the single fluid theory of electro-magneto-hydrodynamics in curved space-time with general constitutive relations. Some one- and two-dimensional shock computations are given. A pseudospectral method with weak smoothing is used in all of our computations. The pseudo-spectral method is constructed by consideration of Riemann problems in one dimension. The power of MHD in divergence form is brought about by using uniform grid-spacing and explicit time-stepping. The problems considered are shock-tube problems in transverse MHD with analytical comparison solution and a coplanar Riemann problem as discussed for nonrelativistic MHD in Brio and Wu . In a limit of nonrelativistic velocities comparison is made of the results of the latter with those in . In two dimensions cylindrically symmetric problems are considered for test of isotropy, independence of coordinate system and convergence (using comparison results in polar coordinates). We conclude with a computation of a shock induced vortex in jet flow with [...] 2.35, a relativistic jet computation with [...] 3.25 and, finally, computations on magnetic pressure dominated stagnation points in a 2D shock problem in nontransverse MHD. This work is proposed for numerical study of astrophysical flows, and in particular as a "vehicle" towards the origin of jets.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Applied And Computational Mathematics|
|Thesis Availability:||Restricted to Caltech community only|
|Defense Date:||18 May 1992|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||23 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:57|
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