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Spblimp1/krox: A transcriptional regulator with a central role in endomesoderm specification in sea urchin embryos

Citation

Livi, Carolina Becker (2006) Spblimp1/krox: A transcriptional regulator with a central role in endomesoderm specification in sea urchin embryos. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-06052006-112833

Abstract

During cleavage stages Spblimp1/krox is expressed in the large micromeres and veg2 descendents. During later blastula stages, it is expressed in the endoderm precursors of the veg1 ring of cells distal to the vegetal pole of the blastula. Later, its expression is restricted to the blastopore region and the posterior of the invaginating archenteron, and finally to the midgut and hindgut of the pluteus larva. The expression of Spblimp1/krox is thus dynamic, and involves several distinct spatial territories. A GFP recombinant BAC was created to distinguish the expression pattern of the early form from that of the late form. The protein coding sequence of GFP was substituted for that of the second exon, 1b. This construct closely mimics Spblimp1/krox expression during early stages of sea urchin development. Using anti-sense morpholino (MASO) knockdown perturbations we analyzed the downstream targets of Spblimp1/krox. We confirmed previously published data that Spblimp1/krox autoregulates its own expression, and we found that it represses itself. This negative autoregulation is restricted to the mesodermal veg2 territory during the blastula stage as shown by WMISH analysis of MASO injected embryos. Blimp1/Krox inputs expected from the perturbation analysis into other genes have been incorporated in our gene regulatory network.

Spblimp1/krox has two isoforms that are alternatively transcribed, 1a and 1b. Spblimp1/krox1a is expressed starting at gastrulation. Phylogenetic footprinting analysis reveals several conserved sequence patches several hundred bp long, in comparisons between Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and Lytechinus variegatus of the genomic region surrounding the blimp1/krox locus. When included in an injected expression construct one of these conserved patches recapitulates the expression of the 1a isoform during embryogenesis. This regulatory module of the Spblimp1/krox gene, which lies immediately upstream of the transcription initiation site for Spblimp1/krox1a, directs expression with great accuracy to the midgut and hindgut of the postgastrular embryo. Work on the regulation of the early 1b isoform will be reported elsewhere.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:endomesoderm specification; gene regulatory networks; purple sea urchin; transcriptional regulation
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Biology
Major Option:Biology
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Davidson, Eric H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Bronner, Marianne E. (chair)
  • Davidson, Eric H.
  • Zinn, Kai George
  • Fraser, Scott E.
Defense Date:21 December 2005
Author Email:cblivi (AT) gmail.com
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-06052006-112833
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-06052006-112833
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2458
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:05 Jun 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:51

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